Wage Discrimination, Job Segregation, and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

It is the thesis of this article that job segregation and wage discrimination are not separate problems, but rather are intimately related. Wherever there is job segregation, the same forces which determine that certain jobs or job categories will be reserved for women or minorities also and simultaneously determine that the economic value of those jobs is less than if they were “white” or “male” jobs. Thus, those women and minorities who are channelled into segregated jobs are not only deprived of initial hiring opportunities in other jobs and meaningful transfer opportunities, but are also paid wages for the jobs that they get which are discriminatorily depressed.