The Liability of Third Parties Under Title VII

This Note considers the extent to which Title VII covers discrimination by third parties other than employment agencies and labor organizations. Part I analyzes the rationale for covering third parties, discussing Title VIl’s language and the policies that Congress intended it to serve. Part II proposes a framework for analyzing the liability of third parties. Part III applies this framework to three instances where courts have disagreed about the liability of a particular third party: insurance companies’ administration of employee benefits, state licensing agencies’ licensing of individuals for various occupations, and hospitals’ granting of staff privileges to doctors.