Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, and Homelessness Post-Bostock

Housing discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity is a critical problem facing LGBTQ+ people in the United States. In addition, LGBTQ+ people, particularly transgender people, disproportionately suffer from homelessness and face discrimination by homeless shelters on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity. This homelessness and discrimination both disproportionately affect transgender people of color. This Note makes two contributions that would enable courts to grant meaningful relief in these contexts. First, it argues that “sex” in the Fair Housing Act includes sexual orientation and gender identity after the holding in Bostock v. Clayton County. Second, it argues that the Fair Housing Act applies to homeless shelters. These two arguments enable LGBTQ+ people to sue under the Fair Housing Act for the discrimination they experience in homeless shelters.