A Proposal to Cap Tort Liability: Avoiding the Pitfalls of Heightened Rationality

This Note sets forth a model statute that limits high damage awards, yet will withstand the rigors of judicial scrutiny. After presenting a brief background of the medical malpractice crisis in Part I, Part II outlines the standards of equal protection review that the courts are presently using. The Note then focuses on the constitutional challenges to caps on medical malpractice liability in Part III. Part IV discusses the values and interests that were found to be dispositive in the courts’ decisions. Finally, after analyzing the criteria that must be met to ensure that a legislative limitation will survive judicial scrutiny, Part V proposes a statute to circumscribe noneconomic damage awards.